Artículos recientes continúan cubriendo esta importante noticia. Aquí enlazo dos noticias adicionales, una de Los Angeles Times, y la otra del blog Ethnoground.
An anthropologist’s past steps out of the shadows, Chris Kraul
Aquí reproduzco la reseña que hiciera del descubrimiento realizado por el arqueólogo colombiano Augusto Oyuela-Caycedo acerca del pasado nazi del fundador de la antropología colombiana Gustavo Reichel-Dolmatoff. Aunque no se ha divulgado la noticia en inglés anteriormente, al final del artículo encontrarán enlaces a otras coberturas en español. Gracias a Douglas Reeser por invitarme a publicar en su columna para Anthropology News, “Notes From the Field”.
The Work of Reichel-Dolmatoff and His Nazi Past
At the beginning of August, a video was uploaded onto YouTube (read the transcript of the video) in which Colombian archaeologist Augusto Oyuela-Caycedo (University of Florida) presented conclusive evidence of the relationship between Gerardo (“Erasmus”) Reichel-Dolmatoff, the founder of Colombian archaeology and anthropology, and the Nazi regime. The video was recorded in Vienna (July 17, 2012) at the 54th International Congress of Americanists. Oyuela-Caycedo, student and follower of the work of Reichel-Dolmatoff could not contain his tears as he revealed one of the confessions made by the latter in a 1937 document entitled Confessions of a Gestapo Assassin, which described a series of murders that he perpetrated while a member of Hitler’s elite force—the Schutzstaffel or SS as it is commonly known. As it was pointed out in the video, this document appeared to have been written after Gerardo Reichel-Dolmatoff was expelled from the Gestapo due to “mental incapacity.” After being dismissed, the Austrian ex-officer spent a season studying in Paris before migrating to Colombia in 1939. The investigation that Oyuela-Caycedo presented at the Congress concluded that Reichel-Dolmatoff had been involved with the Hitler Youth since the age of fourteen, and his active participation continued within the SS until he was approximately twenty-five years-old. Other close paternal relatives were also Nazi officials, including his uncle, a professor of medicine and eugenics practitioner, and his cousin, who continued a prosperous career inside the SS, ultimately achieving the rank of Major.
Not too many decades ago, being a child in the western world meant having a license to roam: you spent a large chunk of your free time outside, exploring your surroundings, chasing adventure. This is the Huckleberry Finn mould of carefree childhood – even if you weren’t floating down the Mississippi on a raft, you could easily imagine that you were.
That mould has definitely been broken. A British study called One False Move, investigating the mobility of children, found that the average eight-year-old saw its ‘home habitat’ shrink to one-ninth of its size within a single generation. In 1970, 80% of British kids 7 or 8 years of age were allowed to go to school unsupervised; by 1990, this figure had dropped below 10%.
“… la esencia de este libro radica en el amor, la admiración y aprecio hacia los trabajadores de la cultura que he tenido el placer de conocer a través de los años, especialmente los artistas que trabajan a nivel comunitario que he conocido a través de mi investigación en Puerto Rico, las comunidades latinas de Nueva York y Buenos Aires. Todos trabajan con gran dificultad en estos tiempos tan adversos. Me refiero a un contexto donde la cultura se aprecia solo como un agente económico, o como una herramienta de desarrollo y donde solo se le valoriza por el dinero que genera, los artistas se miden por sus capacidades empresariales más que por el trabajo que hacen con y por las comunidades.”